TIME LINE: 1942 The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is founded.
TIME LINE: Renowned actor/singer Paul Robeson founds the American Crusade
TIME LINE: 1947 Jackie Robinson (1919-1972)
becomes the first black player in major league baseball for the New York Giants.
TIME LINE: 1948 July 12 - Hubert Humphrey makes a controversial speech in favor
of American Civil rights at the Democratic National Convention
TIME LINE: 1948 July 26 - President Harry S. Truman issues Executive Order 9981
ordering the end of segregation in the armed forces.
TIME LINE: 1950 June 5 - In McLaurin v.
Oklahoma State Regents the Supreme Court rules that a public institution of
higher learning could not provide different treatment to a student solely
because of their race.
TIME LINE: 1950 June 5 - In Sweatt v.
Painter the Supreme Court rules that a separate-but-equal Texas law school was
actually unequal, partly in that it isolated the students from the majority of
other future lawyers.
TIME LINE: 1950 The Leadership Conference on Civil Rights is created in
Washington, DC to promote the enactment and enforcement of effective civil
rights legislation and policy.
TIME LINE: 1954 In Brown vs. Board of Education,
the Supreme Court bans segregation in public schools and over turns the
TIME LINE: 1955 May 31 - The Supreme Court rules in "Brown II"
that desegregation must occur with "all deliberate speed".
TIME LINE: 1955 December 1 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus to
a white person. This was the catalyst for the desegregation on Montgomery, Alabama Buses.
TIME LINE: 1955-1956 Montgomery Bus Boycott to fight segregation of blacks and
whites on city buses. This was one of many non-violent protests and it
lasted from December 5, 1955 to December 20, 1965.
TIME LINE: 1957 September 4 - The governor of Arkansas out the National Guard
to block integration of Little Rock Central High School.
TIME LINE: 1957 September 5 - Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas is integrated.
Federal and National Guard troops escort the Little Rock Nine to protect them from violence.
TIME LINE: 1957 Civil Rights Act of 1957 signed.
TIME LINE: 1960 February 1 - Four Black students sit at the Woolworth's lunch
counter in Greensboro, North Carolina,
sparking six months of the Greensboro Sit-Ins
TIME LINE: 1960 May 6 - Civil Rights Act of 1960 signed by President Eisenhower.
TIME LINE: 1960 July 11 - To Kill a Mockingbird published.
TIME LINE: 1961 March 6 President John F. Kennedy issues Executive Order 10925,
which establishes a Presidential committee which will later become the Equal
Employment Opportunity Commission.
TIME LINE: 1961 May 4 - The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
sends student volunteers on interstate bus trips:
these are labeled the Freedom Rides. Riots ensue.
TIME LINE: 1962 September 20 - James Meredith is barred from becoming the first
Black student to enroll at the University of Mississippi.
Federal troops are sent and he enrolls.
TIME LINE: 1962 November 20 - President Kennedy signs Executive Order 11063
banning segregation in federally funded housing.
TIME LINE: 1963 January - Incoming Alabama governor George Wallace calls for
"segregation now, segregation tomorrow,
segregation forever" in his inaugural address.
TIME LINE: 1963 April 16 "Letter From Birmingham Jail, Why we can't wait" as a
response to white clergy asking the Blacks of America to Be patient and wait!!
for freedom, wait for their God given rights, wait for equality.
TIME LINE: 1963 June 11 - President John F. Kennedy
makes his historic civil rights speech,
promising a bill to Congress the next week.
About civil rights for "Negroes," in his speech he asks for "the kind of
equality of treatment which we would want for ourselves."
TIME LINE: 1963 August 28 Unity march on Washington DC,
and Martin Luther King delivers his "I Have A Dream" speech.
TIME LINE: 1963 June 21 - Mississippi Civil Rights Workers Murdered.
TIME LINE: 1964 June 28 - Organization of Afro-American Unity is founded by
Malcolm X, lasts until his death.
TIME LINE: 1964 July 2 - Civil Rights Act of 1964 signed.
TIME LINE: 1964 December 10 - Martin Luther King is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
TIME LINE: 1964 - The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party challenges the
seating of all-white Mississippi representatives at the Democratic national convention.
TIME LINE: 1965 February 21 - Malcolm X is shot to death in Manhattan,
New York, probably by members of the Black Muslim faith.
TIME LINE: 1965 March 7 - Bloody Sunday:
Civil rights workers in Selma, Alabama begin a march to Montgomery,
but are stopped by a massive police blockade as they crossed the Edmund Pettus Bridge.
Many marchers are severely injured and one killed.
TIME LINE: 1965 March 15 - President Lyndon Johnson uses the phrase "We shall
overcome" in a speech before Congress on the voting rights bill.
TIME LINE: 1965 March 25 - white volunteer Viola Liuzzo is shot and killed by
Ku Klux Klan members -- one of whom was an FBI informant.
TIME LINE: 1965 August 6 - Voting Rights Act of 1965 signed.
TIME LINE: 1965 August 11 - Watts riots erupt.
TIME LINE: 1965 September 24 - Executive Order 11246 is signed,
requiring Equal Employment Opportunity by federal contractors.
TIME LINE: 1965 Bill Cosby co-stars in I Spy,
a first for a black person on American television.
TIME LINE: 1966 January 10 - NAACP local chapter president Vernon Dahmer is
injured by a bomb in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. He dies the next day.
TIME LINE: 1967 June 12 - In Loving vs.
Virginia, the Supreme Court rules that prohibiting interracial marriage is
TIME LINE: 1967 June 13 - Thurgood Marshall is the first black man to be
appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court.
TIME LINE: 1967 August 2 - The movie In the Heat of the Night is released
starring Sidney Poitier .
TIME LINE: 1967 December 11 - The movie Guess Who's Coming to Dinner is
released, starring Sidney Poitier.
TIME LINE: 1967 - The trial of accused killers in the Mississippi civil rights
worker murders convicts 7 of 18 accused men.
Conspirator Edgar Ray Killen is convicted in 2005.
TIME LINE: 1968 February 8 - Orangeburg Massacre occurs during South Carolina
University protest. 3 students died 27 injured.
TIME LINE: 1968 April 4 - Dr. Martin Luther King is shot and killed in Memphis,
Tennessee by James Earl Ray.
TIME LINE: 1968 April 11 - Civil Rights Act of 1968 is signed.
The Fair Housing Act is Title VIII of this Civil Rights Act -
it bans discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.
TIME LINE: 1968 October - Tommie Smith and John Carlos raise their fists to
symbolize black power and unity after winning the gold and bronze medals,
respectively, at the 1968 Summer Olympic Games.
TIME LINE: 1968 November 22 - first interracial kiss on American television,
between Nichelle Nichols and William Shatner on Star Trek (Gene Roddenberry
wrote many story lines for Star Trek that involved racial relations and equality).
TIME LINE: 1968 - On a prime time television special,
Petula Clark touches Harry Belafonte's arm.
TIME LINE: 1968 - Poor People's Campaign marches on Washington, DC.
For more Civil Rights in America visit
this wiki page.